BLACK FUNGUS: WHAT IS IT,  AND HOW TO PREVENT IT?

Black fungus is a very rare infection. Black fungus is caused by exposure to mucor mould. Mucor mould is commonly found in soil, plants, manure, and decaying fruits and vegetables. It often found in soil and air and even in the nose and mucus of many people. It is obviously an old fungus, which was already present in our atmosphere from before, but it is being hyped nowadays all of a sudden. 
But at the same time, black fungus is also not that deadly, as media is showing it nowadays. From Television to social media, people are getting confused and relating it with many other diseases and virus. So in this health and lifestyle article of fitlifestuff by aayush, I will try to explain Mucormycosis (black fungus) in details. 




W
hat is Mucormycosis?

Black fungus also known as mucormycosis is a hot topic nowadays. People are talking about black fungus, from social media to everywhere. 
Although black fungus is not a newly found disease. Black fungus is a type of fungus, just like bacteria, and viruses. It is a type of fungus, present in environment, air, and soil. 
Black fungus is misnomer, because it's actual colour is white. 
It is called black fungus because, when it infects the tissue, the tissues died. And actual colour of dead tissues turn into black. 
Black fungus present everywhere, from air, to soil. But people with good immunity have very less chances of getting infected by black fungus
It is an infection caused by the fungus, Mucor, a component of the mould, Aspergillus or Penicillium. The symptoms of this infection vary from mild to severe. Mucormycosis is mostly a disease of old people, immunocompromised, and those having lung, liver or kidney disorders. The incidence of this infection is also very high among the workers in the agriculture sector. Though it is mainly reported from West Africa, it is also found in India. The major treatment for this infection is chemotherapy with steroids, or a combination of antibiotics and radiation. Can It Be Prevented? Mucormycosis is one of the most widespread fungal infections. It occurs due to all of us breathing contaminated air. And the older the patient, the more susceptible they are to this disease.




Symptoms

Symptoms of Mucormycosis usually occur two to five days after exposure to the mould. These symptoms are mild and can include: Fever Trouble breathing Skin rash Nausea Chest pain Gastrointestinal problems Urinary or urinary tract infections Severe symptoms include inflammation of the lungs and sometimes pneumonia. Treatment depends on the stage of the infection and the type of mould involved. Usually, patients with minimal symptoms are treated at home with oral antihistamines or anti-inflammatory drugs. Others may require hospitalisation. It's not that big issue if you are suffering from mucormycosis. But, if the symptoms are strong, consider visiting a doctor. Symptoms usually start with a low-grade fever, cough, muscle pain, night sweats and fatigue. Manifestations include fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, dark urine, stomach pain, dry skin, fatigue, and headache.





Prevention

Moulds cannot be completely removed from our environment. If your garden has become infested with fungus, control it using products which kill the fungus and decontaminate your garden. These are slow-growing molds and need sunlight and warm humid conditions for development, so it will take quite some time to completely eliminate. To help control these fungal molds, try to only buy house and garden products that do not contain any of the fungi (such as when purchasing potting soil). Make sure you clean your fruits and vegetables before eating them and wash them thoroughly with soap and water, leaving the cuts and wounds for at least 5 minutes to kill any spores that may be on the produce before eating. Clean your overall surrounding and corners of your home. Keep you home clean and fully sanitized. Sanitize or wash your hands before eating anything. 





Treatment

The fungus is potentially fatal, but there are effective treatments available. Treatment depends on how quickly a patient shows symptoms and how infected the individual is. Treatment can involve surgical removal of the affected lung tissue, intravenous immunoglobulin, antifungal drugs and antibiotics, sometimes using surgery. Prevention to avoid infection, people are advised to avoid soil, particularly moist soil and mouldy compost or leaves, and to wash hands and equipment before and after contact with soil. It doesn't have any direct relation with covid-19 or any other disease. So, you don't have to be panic about it. 





What to do if you have Mucormycosis

The infection is very contagious and spreads from person to person through the air. An infected person coughs or sneezes, the virus is then breathed in by another person, and it is then transmitted from person to person. There is no treatment available for this infection. While no cure is available, there are several precautions you can take to prevent from getting infected. What are the symptoms? The symptoms of the infection is a flu-like syndrome, followed by nasal congestion, a sore throat, headache, and a cough, which is worse at night. The most common areas where the infection affects are the eyes, the lungs and the heart. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should immediately seek medical attention. Try isolating yourself in a room or somewhere, and avoid direct contact of any person. 




Conclusion

Mucormycosis is a fungal infection and is mainly found in people who live in indoor areas with poor ventilation. The infection occurs when individuals eat contaminated soil, manure, or decaying fruits and vegetables. And it can be prevented easily, as it is not that big issue as media is showing it nowadays. But if you are suffering from strong symptoms of mucormycosis, try consulting a doctor. 




And that's it for this health and fitness article of fitlifestuff by aayush, I hope you liked it. Consider checking out other fitness articles of fitlifestuff by aayush, if you are a reader type. 



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